What is Scoliosis (Spine Curvature)? Our spine is like a bridge that runs between our head and legs and carries two-thirds of our body weight. Our spine consists of 33 bones, 23 of which are movable, called vertebrae.
These bones are connected to each other by connective tissue, joints, and cushions we call discs. We also have strong spinal muscles that provide movement and attach to each of the vertebrae. The spinal cord, one of the most important parts of the central nervous system, is also located in the spine. The spine houses and protects the spinal cord.
The spinal cord consists of nerve tissue that provides the connection between the brain and the arms, trunk, and legs and carries orders from the brain to these regions. By acting just like an electrical cable; It enables our hands and arms, feet and legs, and our sensory function to work.
The spine also helps us breathe and controls urinary and stool functions. Our spine allows us to turn our bodies and turn our heads. It protects the internal organs. For a healthy spine, it is important to stand upright, not lift heavy loads and sit correctly.
Frequency of Scoliosis
Scoliosis occurs in approximately 2 to 4% of the population.
Most of these are low-grade curvatures. It can be seen 8-10 times more frequently in girls than boys.
In only 10 percent of people with a curvature of the spine, scoliosis progresses to a degree that requires treatment.
Regular exercise, keeping the back muscles strong, increasing the condition and being more fit are indispensable elements in almost every step of the follow-up and treatment of scoliosis.